Welcome to our latest blog post on Web Accessibility Practices for 2023. In the ever-evolving digital landscape, ensuring that websites and applications are accessible to all users, regardless of their abilities, has become paramount. Web accessibility, in essence, guarantees that individuals with disabilities are able to perceive, comprehend, navigate, and engage with the web. As we embark on the journey into 2023, let’s explore the top five best practices for web accessibility that every web designer, as well as web developer should embrace.

Table of Contents

1. Semantic HTML and ARIA Landmarks

Semantic HTML

Using semantic HTML elements provides meaning to the content structure, making it more understandable for both users and assistive technologies.

  • Headings: Firstly, use headings (<h1>, <h2>, etc.) appropriately to define the structure of the content. The <h1> tag should represent the main topic of the page.
  • Lists: At last, for lists, use <ul> for unordered lists, <ol> for ordered lists, and <li> for list items. This helps screen readers announce the list and its items correctly.

ARIA Landmarks

Accessible Rich Internet Applications (ARIA) landmarks help define areas of a page, thus making navigation easier for screen reader users.

  • Use roles such as banner, main, complementary, and contentinfo to define regions of a page.
  • For interactive elements, use ARIA roles like button, link, or checkbox to provide context.

Discover more about AI specifically in web accessibility in a previous post, “Defining AI and Web Accessibility: The Power Duo“.

2. Keyboard Navigation and Focus Management

Moreover ensure that all functionalities of your website are operable through a keyboard without requiring specific timings for individual keystrokes.

  • Tab Order: Ensure a logical tab order that follows the visual flow of the page. Use the tabindex attribute sparingly and avoid positive values to prevent disrupting the natural tab order.
  • Focus Indicators: Provide visible focus indicators for active elements to guide keyboard-only users.
  • Skip to Content: Implement a “Skip to main content” link at the beginning of each page to allow users to bypass repetitive navigation links.

Dive deeper into this topic by exploring “Understanding the Impact of AI on Responsive Web Design“.

3. Color and Contrast

Color plays a crucial role in web design, but it’s essential to ensure that the color choices are accessible to users with visual impairments.

  • Contrast Ratio: Maintain a minimum contrast ratio of 4.5:1 for regular text and 3:1 for large text.
  • Color Reliance: Do not rely solely on color to convey information. Use text labels as well as patterns alongside color.
  • Tools: Utilize tools and plugins to check the contrast ratio of your design elements.

Check out our in-depth exploration of the role of AI in web development creativity in “Unleashing Creativity in Web Development with AI” for a comprehensive understanding.

4. Accessible Multimedia

Ensure that all multimedia content, including videos, audio, and animations, is accessible to all users.

  • Captions and Subtitles: Provide captions for videos and ensure they are synchronized with the audio.
  • Audio Descriptions: For videos with visual information not conveyed in the audio, provide audio descriptions.
  • Pause and Control: Allow users to pause, stop, as well as hide moving, blinking, or scrolling content.

5. Mobile and Responsive Design

With a significant amount of web traffic coming from mobile devices, ensuring web accessibility on mobile is more crucial than ever.

  • Touch Targets: Ensure that touch targets are large enough and have ample space between them.
  • Zoom: Allow users to zoom in and out without breaking the layout.
  • Voice Commands: Ensure compatibility with voice command technologies for hands-free navigation.

Don’t miss our comprehensive guide on mobile websites and apps, available at “A Complete Guide to Your Digital Strategy: Mobile Websites and Mobile Apps“.


Web accessibility is not just a trend; it’s a necessity. By adopting these best practices in 2023, web designers and developers can create inclusive digital experiences that cater to all users, regardless of their abilities. Remember, an accessible web is a better web for everyone.

If you’re keen to explore the topic of web accessibility further, as well as why it’s so importantr, don’t miss Enou’s “Introduction to Web Accessibility | 2023’s Best Guide“.

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